George Rooke (george_rooke) wrote,
George Rooke

На Цусиме выложены новые данные по турецкому флоту 1790 года

Dear Friends,

Yesterday I discovered a very important document in the Ottoman Archives. Document ID: Cevdet Bahriye 2517; Document Date: 15 Ramazan 1204 (29 May 1790). It is an inspection list of the Ottoman ships sent to Black Sea and the Mediterranean for the 1790 campaign year. Especially inspected are the numbers and the situation of the water pumps on each ship. Ottomans greatly feared from the yedinorogs aboard Russian battleships as these fired lethal incendiary ammunition. During the buildup for the 1787-91 War, Cezayirli Gazi Hasan Pasha had all the Ottoman battleships fitted with newly produced and powerful British-made water pumps (nev icad İngilizi ateş tulumbası) to be able to fight with the fires which were sure to flare up aboard when figthing with Russians.

Ships sent to Black Sea:

Battleships: Bahr-i Zafer, Mukaddeme-i Nusret, Melik-i Bahri, Anka-i Bahri, Feyz-i Hüda, Fethü'l Fettah, Mesudiye, Mansuriye, Peleng-i Bahri, Nüvid-i Fütuh, Bed-i Nusret, Inayet-i Hakk, Hıfz-ı Hüda, Şehbaz-ı Bahri, Cedid-i Midilli, Burc-ı Zafer, Tevfikullah

Bomb Frigates: Berk-i Bahri, Şihab-ı Sakıp, Berk-i Hafız, Cedid Bomba, Raad-ı Bahri

Ships sent to Mediterranean:

Frigates: Polad-ı Bahri, Tair-i Bahri, Mazhar-ı Saadet

I combined this list with information from the report prepared by Russian spies about the Ottoman navy in 1785 (published by Mr. Ovchinnikov in his book) and with information from other Turkish books to produce, at last, an Ottoman order of battle for Kerch Strait and Tendra.

Ottoman Navy, Battles of Kerch Strait/Yenikale (19 July) and Tendra/Tentire (8-9 September), 1790:

Bahr-i Zafer 82 (probably the fleet flagship at Tendra, with Kapudan Pasha Giritli Hüseyin on board)
Mukaddeme-i Nusret 74 (flag of Kapudan Pasha Giritli Hüseyin at Kerch Strait; badly damaged in battle and was left at Sulina for repairs; didn't participate to Tendra)
Melik-i Bahri 70 (flag of Patrona Bey. heavily damaged during the the first day at Tendra, collided with another ship at storm during the night and sank)
Anka-i Bahri 66
Fethü'l Fettah 62
Mesudiye 58
Mansuriye 58 (flag of Kapudane Said Bey, blew up on the second day of Tendra)
Feyz-i Hüda 58 (flag of Riyale Bey)
Peleng-i Bahri 58 (captured at Tendra and became Ioann Predtecha)
Nüvid-i Fütuh 58
Tevfikullah 58
Hıfz-ı Hüda 58
Cedid-i Midilli 58
Inayet-i Hakk 54
Bed-i Nusret 48
Şehbaz-ı Bahri 46
Burc-ı Zafer 46
Raad-ı Bahri 22 bomb frigate
Berk-i Bahri 22 bomb frigate
Berk-i Hafız 22 bomb frigate
Şihab-ı Sakıb 22 bomb frigate
Cedid Bomba 22 bomb frigate
23 small craft (kırlangıç, pergende/brigantines and şehtiye/xebec type ships

Tags: турецкий флот

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